Virtues of Madinah Munawwarah and visiting the grave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

Presenting oneself in the court of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, in the beautiful city     of Madinah Munawwarah, is among the greatest blessings and fortunes any Muslim can be blessed with. Any person blessed with this great opportunity should understand the great bounty of Allah Ta’ala upon him. An avalanche of sawaab and reward has come his way. Thus the visitor to Madinah Munawwarah should acquire maximum benefit from his visit.

Many people, due to the lack of knowledge, end up ruining their visit to this sacred place and lose all their opportunities to earn millions of rewards.

Visiting the Raudha Mubaarak, (the grave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), is the highest of all mustahab (permissible) actions. The opportunity of presenting oneself in the noble court of our beloved master PBUH and reciting durood (Salutation) upon him, standing right in front of his grave, is indeed a golden opportunity for us. It is therefore incumbent to first prepare one’s mind and heart before reaching Madinah Munawwarah.


It is reported that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said,  


“Whoever sends durood (Salutation) upon me by my grave, I hear his durood (Salutation) and whenever durood (Salutation) is sent upon me from a distance, it is conveyed to me.” 

 We understand from the above that the durood recited close to the blessed grave is heard by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam himself. Sulaymaan bin Suhaym (peace be blessings upon him)once said, “I saw Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam in a dream. I asked him, ‘O Messenger of Allah, do you hear the salaams of those who come to your grave and make salaam to you?’ Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam replied, ‘Yes, I hear it and I also reply to their salaams.’”

The fact that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam hears the durood personally is not a point of question, as the Ambiyaa “prophets” (alayhimus salaam) are alive in their graves. We believe and confirm that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam is alive in his grave and that the earth cannot decompose his blessed body. 

It is excellent to send durood abundantly when one sees the trees and buildings of Madinah Munawwarah. As one approaches nearer to the blessed city, one should increase his durood, for these are the places where in the Quran was revealed. Hadhrat Jibraeel and Hadhrat Mikaaeel frequented this place and the blessed soil of Madinah contains the Leader of Mankind (i.e. Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam).

From here the religion of Islam and the way (sunnah) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam spread. This is the home of all good and virtue. When you come to Madinah, you should be full of fear and respect, as though you are going to meet Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam himself for it is definite that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam will hear your salaams.

This article is directed especially towards the person who will be visiting Madinah Tayyibah. One should read this article several times over before going to Madinah Munawwarah and carry it along with him to read it in Madinah Tayyibah as well. InshaAllah by reading this the azmat (greatness) of this mubaarak place will be created in the heart of the visitor and he will Insha Allah derive the maximum benefit from this place.

May Allah Ta’ala accept this little treatise and make it a means of us all obtaining the love of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and being blessed with his shafaa’at (intercession) and companionship on the day of Qiyaamah (day of judgment).     May Allah Ta’ala also bless us all with the opportunity of visiting this blessed city over and over again and May Allah Ta’ala bless us with death in this city so that we can be buried alongside the Sahaabah (companions) of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and be among the neighbors of our beloved Rasul Sallallahu Alayhi Wa SallamAameen. 

Visiting the Grave of our beloved     Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam

Hadith No.1

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Ibn Umar _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whosoever visits my grave, my intercession becomes necessary for him.” (i.e.          I will definitely intercede with Allah Ta’ala on the day of Qiyaamah to forgive that person){/xtypo_quote}


Hadith No.2

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Ibn Umar _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whosoever visits me and has no other reason, has a right over me that I intercede for him.”{/xtypo_quote}

Who is there amongst us who does not need Rasulullah’s Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam Shafaa’at (intercession) on the fearful day of Qiyaamah. How fortunate is that person for whom Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam has said that his Shafaa’at is necessary on me. This could mean a special intercession which would raise him in rank, give him security on the day of Qiyaamah and grant him entrance into Jannah without answering for his deeds.

He has no other reason or intention’ will mean that he has no worldly intention (i.e. business, shopping, etc.) Thus to perform I’tikaaf in Masjidun-Nabawi, or to increase Ibaadat there, or to visit the graves of the Sahaabah (Radhiyallahu Anhum) will all be acceptable. In explaining this, Ulama have said that when the niyyat (intention) for Ziyaarah (visiting Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) is made then one should also make the niyyat to visit the Masjid-un-Nabawi.


Hadith No.3

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Ibn Umar _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whosoever visits me after my death is like he who visited me during my life.” Another Hadith says that, “The person who performs Haj then visits my grave, is like he who visited me during my lifetime.” {/xtypo_quote}

The words ‘is like he’ does not mean that he becomes a Sahaabi, but because the Ambiyaa (Alayhimus salaam) are alive in their graves, he is like that person who comes to visit Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam during his life and greets him from the outside of his house.

In this Hadith it is said that he visits me after Haj. Some Ulama say that it is better to visit Madinah Munawwarah before Haj whilst others say that it is better to perform Haj first. The more acceptable view is that if there is enough time before Haj, then the Ziyaarah (visit to Madinah Munawwarah) should be made with comfort and ease before Haj, thereafter Haj could be performed without rushing. It is possible that for some reason or the other after Haj the visit to Madinah Munawwarah has to be called off. If the time before Haj is not enough for Ziyaarah then it should be performed after Haj.

Some have said that if the Haj is a fardh Haj, then Haj should be made first, provided Madinah Munawwarah is not enroute. If Madinah Munawwarah is enroute, then it will be very disrespectful to continue without performing Ziyaarah. If it is a nafal Haj, then it is permissible to visit Madinah Munawwarah before or after Haj. It could be better in this instance to perform Haj first, and to become pure (from sins) before visiting the respectable grave of Rasulullah.


Hadith No.4

{xtypo_quote}Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said, “Whoever goes on a journey, especially to visit my grave, will be my neighbour on the day of Qiyaamah and whoever lives in Madinah Munawwarah and patiently tolerates its hardships and difficulties, for him I will be a witness and intercessor on the day of Qiyaamah and, whoever dies in either of the Haramain (Makkah or Madinah) will be raised on the day of Qiyaamah with those who have been granted safety.”{/xtypo_quote}

The intention of the visitor to Madinah is extremely important. The intention must be specifically visiting the grave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. It should not be a journey with any worldly intention e.g. trade and commerce, etc.


Hadith No.5

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Ibn Umar _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whosoever performs Haj and does not come to visit me, is very unfair and has harmed me.”{/xtypo_quote}

This is a strict warning from Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. The great favours which Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam had given to this Ummah are such that a person who does not visit him, although he has the means to do so, has treated him very badly.


Hadith No.6

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Anas _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam left Makkah in such a manner that everything in Makkah became covered in darkness; and when he entered Madinah everything became bright and he said: “My home shall be in Madinah and there shall be my grave. It is a duty upon every Muslim to visit Madinah.”{/xtypo_quote}

Thus it is a duty on every Muslim to visit that Holy place. How fortunate indeed is that person who has the great honour to live in Madinah permanently. At all times he is able to visit the grave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam _ whenever he likes.


Hadith No.7

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Anas _ says that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever visits me in Madinah with the intention of getting sawaab (reward) shall be in my company and for him shall I be an intercessor on the day of Qiyaamah.”{/xtypo_quote}


Hadith No.8

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Abbaas _ reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever performs his Haj in Makkah, then comes to Madinah to visit me in my masjid, for him shall be written the rewards of two accepted Haj.”{/xtypo_quote}

Two Haj here means that the reward for his Haj will be doubled.


Hadith No.9

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah _ reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “Whenever anyone makes salaam to me at my grave, Allah Ta’ala returns my soul to my body so that I reply to his greetings.”{/xtypo_quote}

The meaning of the returning of the soul is that Allah Ta’ala gives Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam _ the ability to speak. After the death of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, his soul had already returned once and for all. Hence what actually now happens is that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam returns the greetings by physically speaking.


Hadith No.10

{xtypo_quote}It is reported that when a person stands at the grave of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam and reads the aayah: Innallaha wa Malaa-Ikatahoo you Salloona Alan Nabee, and then says seventy times: Sallallahu Alayka ya Muhammad, an angel says: ‘May Allah’s blessings be on you too, and then Allah fulfils his every need.’ (Ash-shifa){/xtypo_quote}

In place of ‘Yaa Muhammad’, if we say ‘Yaa Rasulallah’ it would be better because we should not call Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam by his first name. I personally feel that a visitor to the grave should at every visit recite seventy times with complete humility: “Assalaatu Wassalaamu Alaika ya Rasulallah.” This is excellent and better than reciting in a parrot fashion without understanding anything.

The seventy times have been chosen because the number 70 is more likely to lead to acceptance. In the Quran, Allah Ta’ala also mentioned the hypocrites when addressing Nabi B: “Even though you should beg for forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah Ta’ala will not forgive them.”


Hadith No.11

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah _ reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “When a person stands at my grave reciting durood upon me, I hear it and whoever sends salaams upon me in any other place, his every need in this world and in the hereafter becomes fulfilled and on the day of Qiyaamah I shall be his witness and intercessor.”{/xtypo_quote}

According to another Hadith, Allah Ta’ala had appointed a special angel whose duty is to take the ‘Durood’ to Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, so that no matter where the Durood is being read, it reaches him in Madinah Munawwarah. Therefore, how much more rewarding it would be if we read ‘Durood’ at the grave where Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam can directly hear it himself. How much luckier are those people who live in Madinah Munawwarah and whose greetings Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam hears directly.

Hadhrat Sulaiman bin Suhaym says: ‘I once saw Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam _ in my dream and asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, do you know when people come to your grave to read Durood (salawaat) on you?” 

Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam replied: “Yes, I am quite aware of it and I reply to their greetings.”


Hadith No.12

{xtypo_quote}Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah _ reports that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said: “It is not permissible to travel to any masjid except one of the following three: Masjid-ul- Haraam, Masjid-ul-Aqsaa and this Masjid of mine (i.e. Masjidun Nabawi).”{/xtypo_quote}

According to this Hadith we are prohibited from visiting any masjid besides these three. This Hadith means that besides the three masjids, we may not travel to VISIT any other masjid because all other masaajid are equal.

The Hadith points out that all masaajid (apart from the three mentioned here) are equal in virtue. None of them have anything special over the others and should not be specially visited.

Apart from travelling to these masaajid, many other travels too are permissible and in fact compulsory e.g. travelling for Jihaad, travelling in search of knowledge, travelling for Hijrat, business journeys, etc. Hence we come to realize that the Hadith does not stop us from travelling in general.

From: Virtues of Madinah Munawwarah by Sheikh Zakariya

1 Star2 Stars3 Stars4 Stars5 Stars (1 votes, average: 5.00 out of 5)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *