Islamic Belief of Finality of Prophethood by Quran

The holy Quran and the holy Prophet’s Hadiths (Sayings) eloquently prove that Prophethood (‘Nubuwwat’ and ‘Risalat’) came to an end with our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), there are decisive verses to that effect. Being the last Prophet in the chain of Prophethood no one ever shall now succeed him to that status of dignity.

“Muhammad is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets; and Allah is Aware of all things.” (Quran, Al-Ahzab 33:40)

All the interpreters of the holy Quran agree on the meaning of ‘Khatam-un-Nabieen’ that our Prophet (PBUH) was the last of all the prophets and none shall be exalted to the lofty position of Prophethood after him.

(1) Imam Hafiz Ibn-e-Katheer
His explanatory remarks on the above verse are as follows:

“This verse is conclusive of the precept that our Prophet is the last prophet and that there shall be no ‘Nabi/Prophet’ after him. When there shall be no ‘Nabi/Prophet’ to follow him the ordainment of a ‘Rasool/Messenger’ cannot arise by logic of anteriority because the status of a ‘Rasool/Messenger’ is more exclusive than that of a ‘Nabi/Prophet.’ Every ‘Rasool/Messenger’ is a ‘Nabi/Prophet’ but every ‘Nabi/Prophet’ is not a ‘Rasool/Messenger’. There exists a continuous and unbroken chain of citations of Ahadith from a large number of venerable ‘sahabah/companions’ of the Prophet (Allah be pleased with them), that there shall be no ‘Nabi/Prophet’ or ‘Rasool/Messenger’ after Muhammad (PBUH)” (Tafseer Ibn-e-Katheer, Vol. 3, p.493).

NOTE: Every prophet is called a ‘Nabi/Prophet’ whether he was given a ‘Shariat/commandments’ or not; and the prophet who was given a ‘Shariat/commandments’ is called a ‘Rasool/Messenger.’

(2) Imam Qartabi
Imam Qartabi comments on the quoted verse as follows:

“Said Ibn-e-Atiya that the words (Khatam-un-Nabieen) according to the learned men of the Ummah of the present and the past indicate perfect compre­hensiveness and signify, in consonance with the Quranic injunction, that there shall be no prophet after Muhammad (PBUH) (Tafsee Qurtabi, Vol 14, p.198)

(3) Hujjat ul Islam, Imam Ghazali
Hujjat ul Islam, Imam Ghazali explains the said verse in these words:

“No doubt the Ummah has unanimously understood from this word (‘Khatam-un-Nabieen’) and its circumstantial reference to mean non-existence of a ‘nabi’ or ‘rasool’ ever after Muhammad (PBUH) and that (this word calls for) no reservation or tacit interpretation in it; hence its dissident is certainly the one who rejects (Ummah’s) unanimity.” (Al Iqtisad fil Etiqad, p.123)

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