Islam doesn’t pay attention to women only, but it pays attention to the human being in all life circumstances and conditions. Since its inception, Islam has ensured what is known nowadays as “human rights”, and it also confirmed the necessity of caring for animals, birds, plants, and even inanimate objects.
Islam has outstanding respect for women, yet the issue of women in Islam is highly controversial. Islam honors and respects women of all social levels, whether she is a mother, a wife, a daughter or a sister. Allah the Almighty made respecting parents and dealing with them in a good manner a part of worship. He says: “Your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be kind to parents. When one or both of them attain old age in this life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour" (Al-Israa 17:23)
Almost everyone on the earth today is discussing Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him. People want to know, "Who was He exactly?" "What did He teach?" "Why was He loved so much by some and hated so much by others?" "Did He live up to his claims?" "Was He a Holy man?" "Was He a Prophet of God?" "What is the truth about this man - Muhammad?"
How can we discover the truth and be totally honest in our judgment?
We will begin with the very simple historical evidences, facts as narrated by thousands of people, many of whom knew him personally. The following is based on books, manuscripts, texts and actual eyewitness accounts, too numerous list herein, yet all have been preserved in original form throughout the centuries by both Muslims and non-Muslims.
Muhammad ibn (son of) Abdullah ibn (son of) Abdul Mutalib, was born in the year 570 C.E. (Christian Era) in Makkah, Felix Arabia (today: Saudi Arabia) and he died in 633 C.E. in Yathrib (today: Madinah, Saudi Arabia).
v حضرت محمد ﷺ مکۃالمکرمہ (حجاز) میں پیر کے دن عام الفیل والے سال ۹ یا ۱۲ ربیع الاول بمطابق ۲۰ اپریل ۵۷۱ عسوی میں پیدا ہوئے۔
v آپؐ کا تعلق قبیلہ قریش اور بنی ہاشم کے گھرانے سا تھا۔
vآپ ؐکی والدہ ماجدہ کا نام آمنہ ہے جو وہب بن عبد مناف، زہرہ کے گھرانے سے تعلق رکھتی تھیں۔
vآپ ؐکے والد ماجد عبداللہ بن عبدالمطلب بن عبد مناف ، قریش کے گھرانے سے تعلق رکھتے تھے۔
vآپ ؐکی نانی کا نام برہ اور دادی کا نام فاطمہ تھا۔
vآپ ؐکے والد ماجد عبداللہ آپ کی پیدائش سے پہلے انتقال فرما گئے تھے۔
For nine years, since his selection by Allah for His mission, Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had been delivering the message of Allah in Makkah and making all-out efforts to guide and reform his community. Apart from a few persons who had either embraced Islaam, or who helped him though not accepting Islaam, all the rest in Makkah left no stone unturned in persecuting and mocking him and his followers.
His uncle Abu Talib was one of those good-hearted people who, in spite of his not entering into the fold of Islam had helped him. The following year, on the death of Abu Talib, and His P.B.U.H great supportor wife Syedah Khadijah R.A the Quraish got a free hand and therefore increased their persecution without anyone to support and protect Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam.
At Taif, the second biggest town of Hijaz, there lived a big clan called Banu Thaqif. Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam left for Taif with the hope of winning them over to Islam, thereby providing a sanctuary for the Muslims from the persecution of the Quraish, and also establishing a base for the future propagation of Islam. On reaching Taif, Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam visited the three chieftains of the clan separately, and placed before each of them the message of Allah , and called upon each of them to stand by his side.
Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, taught many important principles and morals, and even set forth rules for combat setting the precedent and still exceeding the rules of war set forth by the Geneva Convention.
Consider the following: